The division is also sometimes referred to as Tornado – its wartime tactical call sign. [4] On 26 March, the brigade was launched towards El Hamma and penetrated deep into the Switch Line. From about 1944 onwards the Staghound range of Armoured Cars was issued to the British Army, which saw them through to the end of the war, along with some of Daimler and Humber Cars. On 30 March, the Brigade moved forward with 4th Somerset Light Infantry in Kangaroo personnel carriers under command. 8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars(elements) 1.3. 1st Army Tank Brigade under Brigadier Price 1.1. The brigade was formed by the renaming of 6th Cavalry Brigade, when the 1st Cavalry Division based in Palestine (of which it was part) converted from a motorised formation (having been horse-mounted until January 1940) to an armoured unit, becoming 10th Armoured Division.[1]. and Essex Yeomanry, was placed under command of British 3rd Infantry Division, which was some 75 miles away to the east. This battle opened the road past Marble Arch to Nofaliya, which was entered without opposition. The Brigade, together with the 53rd (Welsh) division, began operations on 24 February to drive southeast astride the river Niers and to capture Weeze. By the evening of the 17th, the infantry had joined them in the St Honorine area, well beyond the river, and a great battle which had lasted for nineteen days and had caused many casualties, came to an end.[7]. Initially unsuccessful, the 1st Armoured Division was despatched to reinforce this "Left-Hook". It was conducted by the British Second Army between 14 and 26 January 1945. For seven days the Brigade then supported 51st (Highland) Division, 43rd Division and the 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade, who were involved in fighting within the bridgehead. Despite all original objectives not being taken, the purpose of the attack was achieved, allowing US forces room to manoeuvre as part of Operation Queen. At the Battle of Wadi Akarit, which occurred from 6–7 April, the brigade first came up against the Tiger I (Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I). The 8th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War. The Division's primary objective was to seize the town of Bayeux, the Caen-Bayeux road, and the port of Arromanches; the secondary objectives being to make contact with the Americans landing at Omaha Beach to the West and the Canadians landing at Juno Beach to the East. the Allied victory at El Alamein ended Axis hopes of occupying Egypt, controlling access to the Suez Canal and gaining access to Middle Eastern oil fields. [2] Commanded by Brigadier Edward C. N. Custance, the 8th Armoured Brigade was equipped with 24 × Crusaders, 57 × Grants and 31 × Shermans when it took part in Operation Supercharge, better known as the Battle of El Alamein. The independent armoured brigades could in most cases trace their formation to an armoured division, 4th and 7th brigades to the 7th Armoured, 8th Brigade was part of 10th Armoured, before it was disbanded. 12th Anti-aircraft Brigade 1.1. Throughout the period, one regiment supported the 43rd Division to the southeast of Nijmegen overlooking the Reichswald Forest, one regiment remained with the US 101st Airborne Division and the third rested west of the town. Night fell with all objectives obtained, all tanks committed and no reserves on shore. The brigade claimed 86 tanks and Self Propelled Guns destroyed, knocked out or captured during the same period. Soon the news was received that the Brigade was to disband and that the Yeomanry Regiments were to pass into a state of "suspended animation". Division failed to capture Cleves and the Waal bridge at Nijmegen on 20 September throughout. 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